Gum diseases & Treatment

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"Say hello to healthy gums, say hello to a healthier you."

Gum treatment is a critical aspect of oral health that many people overlook. Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common condition that affects the gums, bones, and tissues that support the teeth. If left untreated, it can lead to tooth loss and other serious health problems.

But don’t worry! There are plenty of effective gum treatment options available to keep your smile healthy and bright. From deep cleaning to gum surgery, your dentist can recommend the best course of action for your specific needs.

One of the most popular gum treatments is scaling and root planing. This is a deep cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar build-up from the teeth and roots. It’s a minimally invasive treatment that can improve gum health and prevent further damage.

Another option for more advanced cases of gum disease is laser gum therapy. This procedure uses a special laser to remove infected tissue and promote healing. It’s a fast and painless treatment that can greatly improve gum health in just a few sessions.

Gum surgery is also a viable option for more severe cases of gum disease. This involves removing damaged tissue and reshaping the gum line to create a more even and healthy appearance. It’s a more invasive procedure, but can provide long-lasting results and prevent further damage.

Regardless of the type of gum treatment you need, it’s important to take care of your oral health and stay on top of regular dental check-ups. With the right treatment and preventative care, you can keep your gums and teeth healthy and strong for years to come.

Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease and is caused by the build-up of plaque and bacteria on the teeth and gums. Symptoms of gingivitis include red, swollen, and bleeding gums, and it can be treated and reversed with professional cleanings and improved oral hygiene practices.

Periodontitis: If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, which is a more advanced form of gum disease. In periodontitis, the gums pull away from the teeth, forming pockets that become infected. Over time, the infection can spread to the bone and supporting structures of the teeth, causing them to become loose or fall out. Treatment for periodontitis may include scaling and root planing, antibiotics, gum graft surgery, laser therapy, and dental implants.

There are also several subtypes of periodontitis, including

Aggressive periodontitis: This type of periodontitis usually affects young adults and is characterized by rapid bone and tissue loss.

Chronic periodontitis: This is the most common form of periodontitis and typically progresses slowly over time.

Necrotizing periodontal disease: This is a rare but severe form of periodontitis that can cause tissue death and bone loss.

Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic diseases: Certain systemic diseases, such as diabetes and HIV, can cause periodontitis as a secondary condition.

Red, swollen, or tender gums: Healthy gums are pink and firm, so if your gums are red, swollen, or tender to the touch, it could be a sign of gum disease.

Bleeding gums: If your gums bleed when you brush or floss your teeth, it could be a sign of gum disease. However, bleeding gums can also be caused by other factors, such as brushing too hard, so it’s important to talk to your dentist if you’re experiencing this symptom.

Bad breath: Persistent bad breath that doesn’t go away with brushing or mouthwash can be a sign of gum disease.

Receding gums: If your gums are pulling away from your teeth or appear to be shrinking, it could be a sign of gum disease. Receding gums can also cause tooth sensitivity and make your teeth look longer than normal.

Loose or shifting teeth: As gum disease progresses, it can cause the teeth to become loose or shift out of place.

Changes in your bite: Gum disease can cause changes in your bite or the way your teeth fit together, which can cause discomfort or difficulty chewing.

Prevents tooth loss: Gum disease is a leading cause of tooth loss, and treating the condition can help prevent the need for extractions and other dental procedures.

Reduces risk of other health problems: Gum disease has been linked to other health problems such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Treating gum disease can help reduce the risk of developing these and other health problems.

Improves oral hygiene: Treating gum disease typically involves improving your oral hygiene practices, which can lead to healthier teeth and gums overall.

Reduces bad breath: One of the symptoms of gum disease is bad breath, and treating the condition can help eliminate this problem.

Enhances appearance: Gum disease can cause the gums to recede and make teeth appear longer, which can affect the appearance of your smile. Treating gum disease can help improve the appearance of your teeth and gums.

Boosts confidence: When your teeth and gums are healthy, you may feel more confident in your smile and overall appearance.

Professional dental cleaning: A dental cleaning, or prophylaxis, is a regular cleaning that can help remove plaque and tartar buildup from the teeth and gums.

Scaling and root planing: For more advanced cases of gum disease, your dentist may recommend scaling and root planing, which is a deep cleaning that involves removing plaque and tartar from below the gum line and smoothing the roots of the teeth.

Antibiotics: In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to help fight off infection and reduce inflammation in the gums.

Surgery: In severe cases of gum disease, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged gum tissue or to regenerate bone and gum tissue.

Laser therapy: Laser therapy can be used to remove bacteria and infected tissue from the gums and promote healing.

Home care: In addition to professional treatments, practicing good oral hygiene at home can also help prevent and treat gum disease. This includes brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing daily, and using an antiseptic mouthwash to help kill bacteria.

All of us here at Kigo Dental are committed to providing you with the best dental care available, and we do so with a smile.

Our entire staff, from receptionists to dental hygienists and assistants, is committed to providing you with the best quality dental care possible

From the time you walk through the door and every time you revisit, you will experience this firsthand.

Kigo Dental has a team of experienced and skilled Orthodontists and other specialised dentists who specialise in providing high-quality dental care and treatments, utilising the latest technologies and techniques to ensure the best outcomes for their patients.


Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the tissues that support your teeth. It is caused by bacteria in plaque, which is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth.

The signs and symptoms of gum disease include red, swollen, or bleeding gums, bad breath, receding gums, loose teeth, and changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite.

Risk factors for gum disease include poor oral hygiene, smoking or using other tobacco products, diabetes, hormonal changes in women, medications that reduce saliva flow, and a family history of gum disease.

Yes, gum disease can be treated. The treatment will depend on the severity of the disease. In its early stages, gum disease can be treated with improved oral hygiene, such as regular brushing and flossing. In more advanced cases, professional cleaning, scaling and root planing, and surgery may be necessary.

Yes, gum disease can be prevented. The best way to prevent gum disease is to maintain good oral hygiene by brushing and flossing regularly, visiting your dentist for check-ups and cleanings, and avoiding tobacco products.

Yes, gum disease has been linked to a number of other health problems, including heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and respiratory infections.

You should visit the dentist at least twice a year for check-ups and cleanings to prevent gum disease and maintain good oral health. Your dentist can also help you identify and address any early signs of gum disease before it becomes more severe.

The treatment for gum disease depends on the severity of the disease. In the early stages, gum disease can be treated with improved oral hygiene, such as regular brushing and flossing. In more advanced cases, professional cleaning, scaling and root planing, and surgery may be necessary.

Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical deep cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar from the surface of teeth and the root surfaces of teeth. It involves the use of special instruments to remove the build-up of plaque and tartar around and below the gum line.

In more advanced cases of gum disease, surgical procedures such as flap surgery, bone grafts, or tissue regeneration may be necessary. These procedures aim to remove diseased tissue, reduce pocket depth, and promote the growth of healthy tissue.

The length of treatment for gum disease depends on the severity of the disease. In some cases, gum disease can be treated in a single visit, while in more advanced cases, multiple visits may be required over several weeks or months.

Gum disease treatment can be uncomfortable, but it is not usually painful. The use of local anaesthetics can help to numb the gums during treatment to minimize any discomfort.

Preventing gum disease from recurring requires maintaining good oral hygiene habits, including regular brushing and flossing, avoiding tobacco products, and visiting your dentist for check-ups and cleanings on a regular basis.



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